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股份公司存在基礎-股東
 
發布時間: 2014-08-18 [特大 ]
Foundation of joint-stock limited company- stockholders

一、股東Stockholders

股東是股份公司的出資人或叫投資人, 股東是公司存在的基礎與核心要素。股東與公司的關系上,股東作為出資者按其出資數額(股東另有約定的除外),享有所有者的分享收益、重大決策和選擇管理者等權利。股東之間關系上,股東地位一律平等,國有獨資公司應由國務院或者地方人民政府委托本級人民政府國有資產監督管理機構履行出資人職責。
Stockholders are joint-stock company’s investors and also the foundation and core elements of the company. For the stockholders’ relations with the company, they have the owners’ rights of profits sharing, making major decisions and selecting managers and etc. as the investors according to their contribution (except otherwise agreed by the stockholders). For the relations between stockholders, stockholders are all equal. The investors’ dyties wholly state-owned company shall be formulated by the state council or the corresponding level people's government.

二、股東的權利和義務Stockholders' rights and obligations

1、股東的權利Stockholders' rights
(1)知情質詢權、
(2)決策表決權、
(3)選舉權和被選舉權、
(4)收益權、
(5)強制解散公司的請求權、
(6)股東代表訴訟權、
(7)對董事和高級管理人員的直接索賠權、
(8)優先權、
(9)臨時股東會的提議召集權
(1) right of being informed and questioning
(2) the decision to vote
(3) the right to vote and be elected
(4) earnings
(5) claims of mandatory dissolution of the company
(6) the right of litigation as stockholder representative
(7) to claim a refund directly towards the directors and senior management personnel
(8) priority
(9) proposal right of temporarily stockholder meeting

2、股東的義務Stockholders' obligations

遵守法律、行政法規和公司章程。 按時足額繳納出資,不得抽逃出資。 不得濫用股東權利損害公司或者其他股東的利益、 不得濫用公司法人獨立地位和股東有限責任損害公司債權人的利益。
Abide by the laws, administrative regulations and articles of association. Timely pay the capital contribution in full and shall not smoke or escape capital contribution. Shall not damage the interests of the company or other stockholders by abusing the stockholder rights, shall not abuse the company status of independent legal person and limited liability of stockholders to damage the interests of creditors.

三、股東大會 General meeting of stockholders

股東大會是股份公司的最高權力機構,由全體股東組成。股東大會可以行使以下的職權:
General meeting of stockholders is the highest authority of the joint-stock company; it is composed of all the stockholders. General meeting of stockholders may exercise the following powers:
①決定公司的經營方針和投資計劃;
②選舉和更換非由職工代表擔任的董事、監事,決定有關董事、監事的報酬;審議批準董事會報告;審議批準監事會或監事報告;
③審議批準公司的年度財務預算方案、決算方案;
④審議批準公司的利潤分配方案和彌補虧損方案;
⑤對公司增加和減少注冊資本做出決議;
⑥對發行公司債券做出決議;
⑦對公司合并、分立、解散、清算或者變更公司形式做出決議;
⑧修改公司章程;
⑨公司章程規定的其它職權。
(1) Determining the company's guidelines for management and investment plans;
(2) Electing and replacing the directors, supervisors that not staff representative, and determine remuneration of directors, supervisors. Considering and approving the board report; considering and approving the board of supervisors or the supervisors report;
(3) Reviewing and approving the company's annual financial budget plans and final accounting plans;
(4) Considering and approving the company's profit distribution plans and plans to cover company losses;
(5) To increase and decrease the registered capital resolution;
(6) Make resolution about issuance of company bonds;
(7) Make decision for the company merger, division, dissolution, liquidation or change of company form;
(8) Amending the company’s articles of association;
(9) Other functions and powers stipulated by the articles of association.

 
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